What is the truth about private equity?

The one overarching truth about private equity: The entire investment hinges on improving the business and increasing its value. If the private equity firm fails to do that, it loses its own money, its investors lose their money, and its ability to raise future funds is undermined.
The essence of private equity is the alignment of the interests and incentives of management with that of the owners.
In a public company, the owners — shareholders — are largely separate from the management of a company. Private equity eliminates this disconnect. The owners often include the management (PE firms usually requirement management to invest their own money into the company so they have a vested interest in its success).
This provides a sharper focus on how capital is allocated across the business. Everyone has a single objective: Grow the company’s value. Thus, they can make business decisions solely focused on that goal, rather than satisfying external constituencies, such as analysts, traders, stock brokers, and the media.

Why are only 6% of tech start ups by women?

Ilse Treunich, CEO of the MaRS Discovery District, points out that only 6 per cent of tech start-ups accessing the Toronto innovation centre’s advisory services have a woman as founder or senior executive. “Young high-growth firms create the majority of new jobs. Women remain significantly underrepresented in this cohort, relative to their participation in the work force.”
The big question on the minds of policy makers, bankers and female entrepreneurs is: why is this the case, and what can be done about it? Ruth Bastedo has a long history of helping women and particularly business owners. She writes an article about the latest program she developed with Rotman and how it impacts these female business owners. 
Read more at Globe and Mail
There are a number of similarities between for-profits and non-profits which make people with for-profit experience particularly helpful as board members. Marc J. Epstein of Rice University and F. Warren McFarlan of Harvard Business School have a new book on board work. They discuss the similarities of working on nonprofit and for-profit boards.
6 Key Similarities
  1. Both organizations can grow, transform, merge, or die. Success is not guaranteed for either type of organization, but requires sustained work.
  2. In both cases, cash is king. This for-profit focus is critical for a nonprofit board.
  3. In both settings, good management and leadership really matter. Delivery of service, motivating and inspiring staff, and conceiving of new directions for growth are all vitally important.
  4. Planning, budgeting, and measurement systems in are vital in both settings.
  5. Both types of organizations face the challenges of integrating subject matter specialists into a generalist framework.
  6. Both organizations add value to society. They just do it in different ways.

In short, there is much overlap between the skills needed and perspectives provided by leaders in the two types of organizations. This is a key reason why social enterprise courses have taken root in business schools and why, appropriately socialized, those with for-profit backgrounds can contribute so much to the nonprofit world.

How nonprofit and for-profit board work is different

For those who sit on nonprofit and for-profit boards, the differences between the two organizations couldn't be clearer. Nonprofit boards meetings tend to be longer, less tightly organized, and more sporadically attended by the board members themselves. 
The focus is far less on making money, but this can be a fatal flaw. Both nonprofit ad for-profit need to focus on revenues.
I attended a womens’ Board Director’s dinner held by the prestigious Heidrich and Struggles firm, who have done invaluable research on women and boards. 
Diane Francis was the guest speaker and she had recently been invited to sit on the board of a mining firm with a profit motive. Diane commented that it was a completely different experience and far more demanding. Immediately, this was dismissed by one of the women, a formidable lawyer. Her rebuttal was that women are told to go on nonprofit boards to build their resumes and there are talented people on these boards, working just as hard as on a for-profit board. 
I agreed with Diane Francis though, because the for-profit is under far more pressure with paying shareholders money at risk. For women, I believe it is an important message that putting time into a nonprofit board might not make as much sense as we are lead to believe. There are many companies with revenues of $10M and up who need board members and would give a great experience of how to add value to a company from that position.
My chief regret from the evening was not speaking up to encourage more debate between Diane and the woman who snapped the topic closed. 
Now, here is a book from Harvard that opens up that topic and the authors  support Diane Francis and her view on for-profit boards. Another reason I wish I had spoken up - think of the opportunity for these top women to get out a few more points we could all have discussed. 
Next time.
Marc J. Epstein of Rice University and F. Warren McFarlan of Harvard Business School have a book to crack open this debate with solid facts about the key differences. These key differences are said by industry leaders and are well worth re-visiting. Here are Epstein and McFarlan:
 Failure to understand these differences can cause the new board member to stumble badly and perhaps irretrievably damage her credibility and effectiveness in a nonprofit organization.
Differences
At its core the nonprofit is fundamentally different than the for-profit. At the center of the nonprofit is its social mission. Understanding the mission, helping the organization to fulfill it, and adapting it to a changing world is the very core of nonprofit governance and management. It is for this reason this book starts with a detailed discussion of mission and how it grows. Right behind this are the two major intertwined strategic themes that the nonprofit trustee must deal with. 
The first theme is fulfilling the mission and whether we are doing it in a fiscally responsible fashion. There is the complex multifaceted issue of mission definition and evaluation of its appropriateness. There needs to be a deep understanding about how organizations can go about measuring their performance against mission. For the new trustee, understanding these issues is the place to begin her trusteeship. 
The second theme is financial solvency. There is the board's fiduciary responsibility and financial sustainability. Our life experience drives us to put this behind "performance measurement against mission." Repeatedly we have seen new trustees and ineffective boards try to wag the mission dog with the financial tail. It just doesn't work that way. Without mission and its accountability we have nothing.
Achieving financial sustainability is very different for the nonprofit than the for-profit in that the nonprofit cannot easily access the public equity markets but instead has philanthropy as a potential additional source of funds. Non-profit boards must deal with the role of philanthropy and the trustee's role in it. This may be summarized by giving often and generously and when not giving helping others to give (hence the phrase, "give, get, or get off.")
Finally, the execution of the work of the board is deeply different from that of boards in the for-profit world because of the tasks of mission performance measurement and different capital markets. Nonprofit boards are often larger, have more committees, and have a very different trustee life cycle. Further, the heart of the governance process is a volunteer nonexecutive chairman and volunteer board, leading a staff of paid professionals. The dynamics of this are complex and profoundly different than the process in the for-profit world.

Business expansion top reason for private equity success - Cassels Brock

The finance industry is changing as private equity funds are setting up that are smaller, deals are smaller and are looking across a wider range of businesses. To do a better job of explaining how private equity helps business owners, Loewen Partners held an event with the law firm, Cassels Brock and invited speakers from some of our favourite private equity funds to talk about why private equity does so well with business owners. Particularly business owners of companies in the $30M revenue range have been surprised by their growth once taking on private equity partners.
I thought I try and get down a few of the critical points made:
Michael Castellarin, Clairvest, spoke about why family businesses should look to Private Equity over a final sale as the fund can smooth the family issues. Yet, I never hear a word about private equity's value at business succession events. This has got to change for Canada's economy to grow. We have 200,000 small businesses needing to get much bigger.
Jeff Brown of Edgestone focussed on the "value add" of private equity for even the best business owners. According to a 2007 study by Ernst and Young, two-thirds of the earnings growth (before taxes, interest and capital expense) at PE-owned portfolio companies came from business expansion, with organic revenue growth being the most significant element. Cost reductions accounted for only 23 percent of pre-tax earnings growth in U.S. companies. In other words, PE investors add to the company’s strength by implementing significant operational improvements to the business.
Another study done for the European Parliament supports this view. The study found that PE-acquired companies outperformed comparable publicly- traded companies in terms of sales (14 percent), earnings before taxes, interest and capital expense (5 percent), and profitability (five percent) growth.
Carlo von Schroeder of Westview Capital had inspiring words of advice for companies falling below the $24M revenue target range. Carlo suggested that if they needed to get to the level of revenues to attract private equity, owners need to do what they can to grow. Merge, acquire, add product lines and get a good advisor, like Loewen Partners and a law firm like Cassels Brock.
Thank you for everyone who attended and a big thank you to our host: Stuart English at Cassels Brock, senglish@casselsbrock.com Telephone: 416 860 5223


Jacoline Loewen at Loewen and Partners, 416 961 0862

BNN The Pitch Gives Thumbs Up to 500px and Pinpoint Social

Smart entrepreneurs with high tech products on BNN The Pitch today. I was on with the warm Rick Nathan from Kensington and the more I spend time with Rick, the more I see why his company is Canada's leading private equity firm.
View BNN The Pitch.
Here were a few of my notes I scribbled about the two exciting presenters and maybe you can decide what you think. The panel was quite split in their views:
500px Inc.
The overall look and feel of the site is nicely set up, the interface is user-friendly and the professional quality of product (photos) is what sets it apart from the current competition.  They’re playing off the online community concept (similar to all the social networks out there). Technically, the platform in not very advanced at this time, and there’s significant growth opportunity in the site’s capability to purchase, sell and share photos via established social networks.
What is the growth plan for getting more exposure and populate the site with paying customers?
There’s also opportunity to earn additional revenue through membership sales and advertising to complementary trades, such as make-up artists, modeling agencies, production companies, interior design professionals.
Another important growth market (not yet being explored by 500px) is the mobile  market.
It has potential to become THE destination for professional photographers to market their products and services, but it’s currently lacking scope, and the founders need to dedicate to a well-structured marketing program to build a brand – the product (photos) will follow.
It essentially offers the ability to create and track marketing campaigns on Facebook. The space is about to become 1000x more competitive due to the newly introduced (May 2011) regulation that requires companies to use a 3rd party application to conduct promotions.  So you better have superior technical capability or lower pricing to attract market share.
Pinpoint  - nice idea - and who doesn't want to invest in a company that uses FB as its platform?? A couple of questions:
1. Need to get the platform into the hands of agencies - how?
2. What's the $250K used for? Is this for software innovation - keeping
ahead of their competitors? How much to marketing and sales force salaries.
If they get traction with their platform I can see them as an attractive acquisition target - where their software is embedded within a larger software suite (by Adobe, for example).
Yet, a major downside may be that Pinpoint’s capability is limited to Facebook, and many professional organizations remain anti-Facebook (crazy as it sounds!) If campaigns created on Pinpoint could be integrated with complementary print/social network/other campaigns, that would significantly increase their utility.
To succeed, Pinpoint has to be a highly scalable model, i.e. 100% self-serve, otherwise you’re paying expensive developers to manage campaign requests. Currently, creating campaigns requires a lot of customer support and they want the money to launch the self-serve, so thinking in the right direction.
The Pitch – Wednesday, May 18, 2011
Entrepreneurs:
Daniel Patricio, founder, Pinpoint Social
Ian Sobolev, founder, 500px.com-SK
Panelists:
Larry Wasser, Genuity Fund Management
Rick Nathan, Managing Director, Kensington Capital Partners

Why dating and raising capital are similar

Like a first date, business owners meeting with private equity meetings can be over quickly, Stuart MacDonald, founder of Expedia and venture capitalist, says.
“I use the three-finger rule:
  1. Is it easily profitable,
  2. Easily sustainable and
  3. Does it matter to customers?

It’s a simple thing, but you’d be surprised at how many do not have a valid viewpoint.
Like dating, Stuart is not going to tell the owner of the business, but will quietly end the coffe meeting.
Mr. MacDonald is just one of hundreds of Canadian financiers who, upon meeting entrepreneurs and asking all the obvious questions, have been stunned at some of the answers.
It pains Stuart MacDonald to hear an entrepreneur utter something like, “We have no competition,” or “The product sells itself,” or “Within five years, Google will buy us.” Hearing those, he quickly pulls the plug.
The Toronto-based angel investor, who started Expedia.ca, has endured endless pitches for financing and has the capital heft to show for it. These days, he spends his time running Tripharbour.ca, the cruise ship search engine, and meeting with entrepreneurs who need financing.

An Idea, Not a Plan.

Here are 3 mistakes you’ll want to avoid when seeking money.

An idea, not a plan
Never say, “I have this really good idea,” or “This has always been a dream of mine.” Nobody wants to hear about an idea. You must have an actual business and not a dream, or your banker will take a pass, says Mike Bonner, Bank of Montreal.
Any good business starts with a solid plan, and entrepreneurs seeking financing must have one in tow.
“We need to understand the customer, the business and the industry – in that order,” says Mr. Bonner. “In the early stages it’s really about the business plan, the planning and preparation.”
It doesn’t have to be complex, he says. Details can be added and strategies adapted, but the core plan must be in place.
The long-term view
Don’t offer up business projections that look 10 years out – no one can predict the future, and it is not in your best interest to try.
“We’d never ask them for that,” says Mr. Bonner. “We really don’t want to see any more than one year.”
Bury mistakes
Never attempt to hide a poor credit history. A credit check is the first step in any due diligence process.
“We have to take a good look at management and how they handle finances,” says Mr. Bonner. “It’s a good proxy for future viability of the success rate of the business.”
 “They should come prepared to tell us why they may have had credit problems,” says Mr. Bonner.
“There could be very good reasons and we could help them deal with it.”

Tips and Traps when joining an EMD - Vipool Desai, Ara Compliance

“A drowning man will grab, even the tip of a sword”,                                                                            Tsun Tsu
I have a guest blogger this week to talk about the Exempt Market Dealer registration. Vipool Desai, Ara Compliance, has simple and sensible advice on how to approach the EMD registration. Vipool explains it and his contact details are listed below too if you want to chat further.

National Instrument 31-103 and the recent CSA staff notice 31-323 regarding mortgage funds have mandated a dealer registration for a large number of existing businesses and salespersons that were previously free to operate without registration.This has understandably created an unhealthy amount of fear and confusion.  It has also encouraged certain businesses and salespersons to address the new registration requirement by joining third party Exempt Market Dealers (EMDs).  In this article, we will review what you need to consider before joining an existing dealer, and introduce the option of creating and operating your own independent registered EMD.
Moving in with your EMD
When confronted with new registration obligations, many new industry participants focus on the ticket price for entry to the securities industry (e.g. proficiency, capital, etc.) and, don’t fully appreciate that registration is the beginning of one’s regulatory obligation -  not the end of it.
Joining an EMD is like moving in with a new spouse or partner.  It can be a positive and fulfilling experience if you and your EMD are compatible.  However, it can also be a source of tension and conflict, and even a messy divorce, if you two are not in sync.
An EMD can provide a range of services in addition to a regulatory platform, including:
  1.  Product Due Diligence
  2. Training
  3. General Marketing Support
  4. Compliance Support
  5. Administrative Support


As a first step, you should review your business needs against the type and quality of services the EMD can reasonably provide.
It is important to pick an EMD appropriate to your requirement.  If the purpose of joining is primarily to address compliance issues, then registering with a firm that has sparse compliance and registration experience in a multi-branch dealer may not be helpful.
Your compatibility with the EMD management’s style is also important.  Salespersons who are used to operating independently can find it frustrating to work under someone else’s direction and control.  This problem is magnified if EMD management has a different outlook, or has objectives that are not in alignment with the salesperson.  Conflicts can often arise over matters such as product due diligence and acceptance. 
Prior to joining any EMD, you should carefully review its internal policies.  Discuss your obligations and management’s involvement/oversight of your business.  For example, it is required that management execute agreements relevant to your business, pre-approve any products sold through the dealer, and handle any referral payments.  However, management may have other restrictions and controls that you need to be aware of, such as restrictions on the use of trade names, or restrictions on dealing with out-of-province clients.
Management’s reputation and prior regulatory difficulties are also important considerations.  However, it should be recognized that many prior regulatory problems are not a matter of public record and can remain hidden.  Management’s fundamental orientation toward regulatory and control matters is often a better indicator of potential future problems.
For example, if the firm’s compliance manual appears disorganized, misses key topics, discusses principles in lieu of specific procedures, and/or appears to be pieced together from other manuals - run away.  A poorly defined compliance manual is often a prime indicator that management may not appreciate the challenges or seriousness of operating a multi-branch securities registered firm.
Finally, you need to consider who else will be joining the EMD.  If regulators sanction a firm, or the financial press publishes a distasteful article against a dealer, it tarnishes the reputation of everyone operating under that firm.  
Salespersons don’t fully appreciate that when joining another EMD, they are also placing their reputation in the same boat as other registered persons who may operate under different branches or divisions of the EMD. Your business can be affected by actions of other salespersons over which you have little or no influence, or oversight. Hence, you should also interview management on their criteria and due diligence process when accepting new businesses and salespersons.
Build your own
Given the above considerations, it would be wise to also think about creating your own EMD.
An EMD is a relatively easy category of registration for which to qualify, on the basis of proficiency, capital, regulatory insurance, etc.   However, as noted above, obtaining registration is only the beginning of one’s obligations, not the end of it.
The real barrier may be uncertainty about whether you have adequate time, attention and/or knowledge to manage compliance issues for your own registered firm.

Please contact us at info@aracompliance.com  for more information.

EMDA Toronto Event: Private Equity: Opportunities in Canada and Beyond

The Canadian Private Equity industry is more vibrant than ever, and is increasingly seeing greater deal volumes and variety.  Speakers at this session will provide insights stemming from their active involvement with private equity deals that range from small to super-large, and related to investing across Canada and globally. 

Date:
Tuesday May 17, 2011
Time:
11:30 AM - 2:00 PM
Location:
The National Club
Main Dining Room
303 Bay Street
Toronto
CE Credits:
Eligible for 1.5 CE credits

David Austin, CFA (Northleaf Capital Partners), Jacoline Loewen (Loewen & Partners ), Kamal Pastakia (OMERS Private Equity), and Gerhard Pries (Sarona Asset Management ) will share their knowledge and experiences in the sector, highlight opportunities/constraints and discuss future prospects for Canadian private equity investment in Canada and internationally.
Who Should Attend
Professionals involved or interested in the private equity and alternative investment space.  Private equity practitioners, portfolio managers, analysts, private client investment professionals, wealth managers, investment advisers, consultants, family office professionals, and private bankers.

Registration Details
Register here or email eventregistration@torontocfa.ca to receive the CFA Society member rate of $65 ($85 registration fee for non-members)

Learn More (This is an embedded link to the CFA Society event page)

Exempt Market Dealers Association offers 1.5 CE credits Course

Private Equity: Opportunities in Canada and Beyond
Presented by CFA Society             Supported by Exempt Market Dealers Association EMDA

 The Canadian Private Equity industry is more vibrant than ever, and is increasingly seeing greater deal volumes and variety.  Speakers at this session will provide insights stemming from their active involvement with private equity deals that range from small to super-large, and related to investing across Canada and globally. 

Date:
Tuesday May 17, 2011
Time:
11:30 AM - 2:00 PM
Location:
The National Club
Main Dining Room
303 Bay Street
Toronto
CE Credits:
Eligible for 1.5 CE credits

David Austin, CFA (Northleaf Capital Partners), Jacoline Loewen (Loewen & Partners ), Kamal Pastakia (OMERS Private Equity), and Gerhard Pries (Sarona Asset Management ) will share their knowledge and experiences in the sector, highlight opportunities/constraints and discuss future prospects for Canadian private equity investment in Canada and internationally.
 Who Should Attend
Professionals involved or interested in the private equity and alternative investment space.  Private equity practitioners, portfolio managers, analysts, private client investment professionals, wealth managers, investment advisers, consultants, family office professionals, and private bankers.
 Registration Details
Register here or email eventregistration@torontocfa.ca to receive the CFA Society member rate of $65 ($85 registration fee for non-members)

Learn More (This is an embedded link to the CFA Society event page)


How did Flickr beat WebShots?


Website technology is going through the next change that impacts big organizations, threatens them, in fact. The scavenging weeds are always hard at work pulling down the mighty oaks of industry. Sean Wise has a great interview with Don Tapscott on what is the biggest impact on technology for companies.
If you look at internet traffic for various properties, in each case, an old HTML web site gets eclipsed by a new XMP based community that harnesses the power of self-organization.
Don Tapscott says:
The immutable, standalone Web site is dead. In fact, I've banned the word "web site" from my company. Today, people are engineering software, databases, and Web sites so that they not only meet private objectives, but they can be used in ways the originators did not know nor intend. It's now getting easy to build new Web services out of these existing components by mashing them together in fresh combinations.
The result is that today's most exciting and successful Web companies and communities are stitching together their own services from shared databanks and Lego-style pieces of Web software. Rather than define the user experience and publish information for people to observe, they use Web services to create platforms for people to self organize and co-create with their peers. And it's pretty much true that when they built it, people came—usually by the tens of millions. In fact, 2006 was the year when the programmable Web eclipsed the static Web every time. 
  • Flickr beat WebShots; 
  • Wikipedia beat Encyclopedia Britannica; 
  • citizen journalist bloggers beat CNN.com; 
  • epinions beat consumer reports; 
  • upcoming.org beat evite; 
  • Google maps beat mapquest; 
  • Myspace beat Friendster; and 
  • Craigslist beat Monster.

That is a shocking list and well worth discussing with your team. If you are a good size business (revenues at $30,000) there is a great deal of exciting private equity out there looking to invest in smart business owners who are looking at the big changes.
Jacoline Loewen, Panellist on The Pitch.

Has Canada missed the boat in Asia asks Gordon Perchthold, Ivey Business School HK

Great marketing is whipping the puck up the ice on a power play – at least every now and then. Someone I respect (his book is probably the best on consulting) is Gordon Perchthold.  He is in Hong Kong and The RFP Company helps companies enter Asia rapidly. He knows how Vietnam differs from Korea and where to focus scarce resources.
Gordon is nimble minded and has helped many companies get over their fear of the dragon. Gordon set up a debate with Ivey Business School in Hong Kong to discuss “Canada has Missed the Boat to Asia.” We held the same debate in Toronto and Gordon was kind enough to include me. My son attended and told me I overdid the debate style of picking on my opponents!
But I did get to study Asia and speak to many business owners about their experience in this massive country and it has added to my strategic focus. This change may bake a huge difference for me in marketing to a massive client in Vancouver. I had not included Asia!
I had to debate why Canada has not missed the boat in Asia (and especially China)...
Here are a few points:
·         Commodities are fungible so any upward effect China has had on the price of say oil or lumber has benefitted Canada regardless
·         Canada has welcomed Chinese investment (arguably more so than Australian! c.f. Athabaska vs. Potash!)
·         Canada has redirected exports away from “Due South” to across the Pacific (energy, lumber, food, minerals, fish, potash)
·         Canada has “benefited” via a stronger C$, one of the world’s leading commodity currencies. China has contributed to the C$’s strength.
If Canada has missed the boat, it is probably because its corporates have not been as active as they could have been. But has not RBC always been Li Ka Shing’s lead bank forever? BMO is seen to be  close to the Chinese hearts. And RIM and Bombardier are doing well in Asia, aren’t they?
Canada’s Asian community has also ensured a close connection viz. Honkouver!
Truth to tell, best argument is the counter factual: it is hard to think of much more Canada could have done that it has not already done!

Private equity also doing debt for the Dividends cash flow

There used to be a time, during what some called the Great Recession, that American Capital, one of the oldest American based “business development companies” BDC, was struggling amid a stock market slump and a liquidity crunch. It wasn’t pretty.
Fast forward to today, American Capital’s woes from the past didn’t seem to deter any latecomer to the business development company game. More than 20 companies have filed to launch new American BDCs over the past 12 months, compared with a trickle of such filings in 2008 and 2009.
Investors are hungry for yield, and BDCs provide that thanks to their quarterly dividends.
“There are few alternatives to high-yield products, and BDCs provide an attractive option,” said Steven Boehm, a senior partner of law firm Sutherland Asbill & Brennan LLP that specializes in structuring and advising BDCs. “It’s a sexy product.”
Equally seductive is the prospect of having a permanent source of capital, a dream of private equity firms that dread the distraction and cost of raising private funds.
But the commonality of the new BDC hopefuls and their older brethren stops here. The younger crop looks a lot different. For one, it promises to use less leverage in their investment – a lesson well learned from American Capital’s problems. (American Capital itself has learned, too –  Wilkus said recently that “it became evident during the recession that we were overleveraged, considering our asset mix,” and “we intend never to repeat that.”)
In another difference, many of the new BDCs plan to buy debt as opposed to equity in midmarket companies, which certainly would help their dividend-paying ability.

4 reasons to think twice before "doing what you love."

A Rotman lecture by Danial Pink, author of Drive, is available on iTunes "BigIdeas" podcasts, and as I listened to him late at night this week, I mulled over his push for people to work in jobs that they love. 
Pink went to law school and dropped out of the whole, restrictive, boring law career. He says, "Law school was the worst thing I did." 
Yet, I listened to him because I know he went to law school, is able to express himself logically and is not a delusional, "just say what you want and it will happen" expert type. I can understand why people love his point about doing what you love, but life is tough and gets in the way. My business just signed up with a superb business owner to help him transition his business. We spent 18 months working with him and his wife to show how our company will help his family business achieve the wealth he needs to retire. 
Was I doing what I love? Not totally. I hate negotiating the engagement. I hate discussing the amount of debt and family shares owed. I hate picking up the check for our work fee - I find that awkward. But I do it. I have to ask for the job, go through the value and why our fee is fair, explain the engagement letter, pass it back and forth with a hundred changes, get his signature and ask for the check to start work. I hate that but as a small business owner, I had better be very good at this detail and arm wrestling because it is what sets us apart. Besides the work I love to do, if I want to be successful as a business owner, I had better be good at those skills my MBA taught to me and believe me, that was not painless either.
Once I am through that sales close, now, it is exciting. Persuading a family business owner to do what is in his best interest is far from what I love to do, but I know how happy this man will be within a few months once we improve his wealth situation. I know how it will improve his family relations with his sister and father. 
So here are 4 reasons not to do what you love:
  1. You love it — but you're not fantastic at it. There is the 10,000 hour rule of how much you need to invest to become very good. If you do not have the body type, you will never be a ballerina. Same with intellect. The women who started up Zipcar over day care were not just thumb sucking an idea. They were both experts in transportation and engineering. How good? MIT and Harvard PhD good. Lots of women come to me with ideas for start-ups and they are passionate about green and pollution by cars, but do not have the intellectual backing to add depth. Without competence, passionate people would not get the start up funding Zipcar attracted.  It is hard to judge yourself accurately, so ask your friends and employer what your talents and weaknesses are, and then play to your strengths, even if they don't lead you to what you would currently describe as your "perfect" job.
  2. You're skilled at your passion — but hate the work that surrounds it. Many businesspeople are masters at their craft but drop the ball when it comes to everything else. One of my clients is a brilliant Day Care operator who set up in-house child care for big companies. But — although she loved working closely with clients and helping them create employee benefit programs with her Day Care — she was simply unable to manage her pricing and cash flow. She had boxes of unpaid checks in her basement. It's possible to learn these skills, but, for many, the process sucks the joy out of their chosen field and small business. (Michael Gerber writes about this extensively in The E-Myth).
  3. You're too emotionally attached. You've already heard about Marion Stoddart. I recently heard Charlaine Harris, author of the wildly popular vampire series that spawned the TV show True Blood, talk about this issue too. The best writers, Harris said, don't fall in love with their characters, or their words. They don't mind being edited; in fact, they're open to any suggestion that makes them better. Writers who get too close to their work and take criticism too personally never improve. As an author, I learnt that a long time ago. Your work improves with others commenting. Business people also need to look carefully at whether passion for their work is clouding their judgment. When you care deeply about a pet project, for example, it's hard to make a rational decision about whether it should live or die.
  4. No one will pay for it. You can turn a hobby into a job — but only if someone's willing to pony up. Sometimes the market's just too small (luxury vacation planning for couples honeymooning in Cape Town). Sometimes the margins are too thin - decorating business targeted at Divorced Dads. And sometimes your company simply has other priorities (no matter how many times you offer to move the business into web video, your boss wants you to get your actual job done, and today please).

Another Private Equity Fund for China


Alibaba, the Chinese e-commerce company, had a nasty investigation in February. The former CEO of Alibaba, David Wei, has left and is now raising a $200 million investment fund for his new firm, Vision Knight Capital Partners, focusing on China’s red-hot e-commerce, retail and consumer goods sectors. 
And he’s teaming up with his former boss and one of China’s richest men, Jack Ma, the founder and chairman of Alibaba, which is partly owned by Yahoo Inc. Ma is providing some of the money as a limited partner. Wei says his fund will look to back deals from other investors’ portfolios in an effort to turn them around using the operating experience he gained from years spent working in China’s consumer goods industry.
What happened to having a clean track record and not being able to raise capital if there is an ongoing investigation? That is proof of the fast, expanding market that is called Asia. There is so much to gain since you are not taking market share from other companies - just filling a void.

My book choice for your business

Business owners will suspect John Warrillow has followed them around with a video camera as he describes
how the typical service business operates and what needs to change to improve the dollar value of the business. This entertaining, but very important book should be at the top of the reading list for any business owner of a service company. The suggested steps and easy tweaks to current practices will add a substantial increase in valuation for a service company. Entrepreneurs will be surprised at how much Built to Sell will add to building a stronger business and appreciate the knowledge gained when it does come to time to sell.

For John Warrillow
Office 1-416-628-0780
Mobile: (33) 06 40 36 61 42
Twitter: @JohnWarrillow